Hemingway and Hadley divorced and he promptly married his mistress, Pauline. She wanted to return to the United States and, upon the recommendation of John Dos Passos, they relocated to Key West. His next work, A Farewell to Arms, published in 1929, was the result of his experiences in WWI. It established his literary reputation. A nonfiction work, Death in the Afternoon, was the result of an extended sojourn in Spain in 1929 and a morbid fascination with bullfighting. 1933 found him on safari in Africa with Teddy Roosevelt's guide, where he suffered a prolapsed intestine from dysentery. This experience produced the short story "The Snows of Kilimanjaro." He returned to Key West and Green Hills of Africa was published in 1935 to mixed reviews.
Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance. He was at the Battle of the Ebro in 1938, witnessing the final republican stand. In 1939 he left Key West in his boat bound for Cuba where he would take up residence at the Hotel Havana for what became a long separation from Pauline. An acquaintance from Key West, Martha Gellhorn, joined him in Havana. They married in 1940 in Wyoming and she is said to have inspired his most well-known novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls. This marriage broke up when Hemingway met Mary Welsh in London in 1944 where he was reporting on World War II, during which he was present at the Normandy landings, the Battle of Hürtgen Forest, the Battle of the Bulge and the liberation of Paris. In fact, historian Paul Fussell states:
Hemingway got into considerable trouble playing infantry captain to a group of Resistance people that he gathered because a correspondent is not supposed to lead troops, even if he does it well. This was in fact in contravention of the Geneva Convention, and Hemingway was brought up on formal charges; he said he "beat the rap" by claiming that he only offered advice.The man even got himself a Bronze Star. He married Mary in 1946 and tumbled into clinical
The Old Man and the Sea (1952), which won him a Pulitzer Prize and a Nobel Prize in Literature.
Hemingway and Mary went off on safari to Africa in 1954 and were in not one, but two plane crashes that nearly killed him and left him in pain for the remainder of his life. According to Mary, his injuries included two cracked discs, a kidney rupture, liver rupture, a dislocated shoulder and a broken skull, which leaked cerebral fluid, as well as wide-spread second degree burns when the second plane actually exploded. He began a slide into depression that progressed to confusion and paranoia. He was checked into the Mayo Clinic under a false name in late 1960 and treated with shock therapy. Papa would not recover this time. As we all know, he took his life with a shotgun at his home in Idaho on July 2, 1961. (Note: Hemingway's father, a sister and a brother also died of suicide. A genetic condition called hemochromatosis is thought to be the cause.)
I tend to be of two minds where Papa Hemingway is concerned. His very name may as well be a synonym for testosterone run amok. I vacillate between wanting to tell him off and never see him
Our story is "The Snows of Kilimanjaro."
Bonus: check out The Hemingway Women. They deserve their own book.